Information for Parents

Sex and Relationships

TeenWirral provides information to young people about relationships, sexual health and related services provided by NHS Wirral, Wirral Brook and Health Services in Schools.

This page provides parents and carers with some information concerning:

The Department of Health generally considers that there are circumstances in which professionals can provide condoms, information and sexual health advice to young people under 16, on the condition that criteria, known as the Fraser Guidelines are applied to the young person before the advice or intervention is given. If a young person meets them they are ‘Fraser ruling competent’ and the professional must respect the young person’s wishes for privacy.

The Fraser Guidelines

In 1985, Lord Fraser said in judgement of the Gillick case, that health professionals can give contraceptive advice or treatment to a person under 16 without parental consent providing the worker is satisfied that:

  • The young person is mature enough to understand the advice and implications of the treatment provided 
  • The young person is likely to begin or continue to have unprotected sex with or without contraceptive treatment
  • The professional had tried to persuade the young person to inform their parents, or allow the professional to inform them
  • The young person's health is likely to suffer unless he or she receives contraceptive advice or treatment
  • The young person’s best interests require the professional to give treatment or advice

In summary; health professionals will always encourage sexually active young people to talk to their parents/carers about their situation. The guidelines mean that young people have the same rights as adults when it comes to confidentiality. A health professional therefore does not have to tell parents when a young person seeks contraception or sexual health advice and treatment.

However, no one has the right to absolute confidentiality. If a professional believes there is a risk to the health, safety or welfare of a young person and that the risk is serious enough to override the young person’s right to privacy then the professional must follow Wirral child protection procedures.

Please see the fpa's guidance on consent and confidentiality for under 16s if you would like any further explanation.

You may also wish to check out the 'Talking about sex and pregnancy' and 'Speakeasy' pages on this site.

Information and support for parents

Family Lives
In addition, information and confidential advice are available at Family Lives on 0808 800 2222. There's also a free textphone service on 0800 783 6783 for people with speech or hearing impairments.

Wirral Brook Parents:
Wirral Brook have a dedicated parents email address where you can ask questions about Brook services and get advice and information about young people and sexual health answered by the Brook team.

Wirral Chlamydia Service: 
Chlamydia is an easily caught and easily treated sexually transmitted infection, most common in young people. The site provides information and advice on getting tested.

Other informative web-sites

Is this information:
Very Useful
Very Useful
Quite Useful
Quite Useful
Not Useful
Not Very Useful